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Fortis:Faridabad suffers from air pollution, Doctors tips to stay healthy in smog

Faridabad: With the recent celebration of Diwali and the on-going stubble burning that is taking place in the neighbouring areas, has led to Delhi being engulfed in toxic smoke. The arrival of winter has led to a drop in temperature, causing the fog to combine with the smoke resulting in the formation of a less transparent, visible air pollutant i.e. smog. Due to high levels of pollution, the Indian Medical Association (IMA) has stated that Delhi is in a state of “public health emergency”. Air quality index is very severe with high particulate matter at a 2.5 level in many places. A report in the Lancet medical journal last month said pollution had claimed as many as 2.5 million lives in India in 2015, the highest in the world.

Fortis:Faridabad suffers from air pollution, Doctors tips to stay healthy in smog
ANIL ARORAANIL ARORA | Updated: Wednesday, November 8, 2017, 03:03

Dr Ravi Shekhar Jha, Consultant, Pulmonology, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad talks about air pollution and how we can protect ourselves from its harmful effects.

Harmful effects of Smog:
- Can lead to the onset of allergies or aggravate already existing allergies and decrease in Lung Immunity
- Might be instrumental in causing premature birth
- Cause decrease in the lung function in all age groups
- Might aggravate pre-existing lung and cardiac functions along with uncontrollable or chronic coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath
Preventive measures:
- People should avoid going outdoors along with doing physical activities like cycling, jogging or any other outdoor exercises.
- N95 masks should be used if it is absolutely necessary to go out.
- Air Purifying plants such as Aloe Vera, Ivy and Spider Plant can be placed in the home and offices.
- To ensure that indoor air pollution does not take place make sure there is a chimney in the kitchen and an exhaust in the bathroom.
- Consume Fruits rich in Vitamin C, Magnesium , Foods rich in Omega Fatty Acids
- Have Herbal Ginger & Tulsi tea

Air pollution poses a major health risk and can cause stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, and chronic and acute respiratory diseases. According to the WHO, 92% of the world’s population lives in areas where the air quality is below the WHO standards. 88% of premature deaths occur in the low- and middle-income countries, where air pollution is escalating at an alarming rate. According to UNICEF, 1 in 7 children are breathing polluted air. Governments and civil society bodies need to join hands to fight air pollution in a systematic and strategic manner.

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